The United States political system can be a tricky thing to understand. Some of the key elements are those positions within the executive branch, how they coexist next to the legislative branch and what this means for laws to change all through the United States.

It’s important to point out the basics of the American system. It is made up of three branches of government including the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branch. Each branch works together to govern and provides a system with checks and balances. No one branch is above any other. However, each branch provides a specific service to keep government flowing.

The Executive branch is one led by the President of The United States, currently President Donald Trump. The President once in power selects 15 individuals to lead various departments. These 15 individuals as well as the Vice President and Speaker of the House make up the Executive Branch in United States Government. The 15 departments include agriculture, commerce, defense, energy, labor, transportation, veteran affairs, health and human services, homeland security, housing and urban development, interior, justice, state, and lastly the treasury.

The main goal and duty of the executive branch is to implement and enforce laws passed by congress. The President heading the executive branch has a duty to the American people as the leader of the armed forces and as the head of state. The Executive branch as powerful as it is does not outweigh the legislative and judicial branches of government.

The legislative branch is a bit different. This branch is made up of the of the House of Representatives and a senate. Together they work on law and legislation. The Constitution of the United States gives the senate the sole authority to enact legislation and or declare war. It also gives power for the senate to confirm or reject presidential appointments, which is a power that keeps the Executive branch from having too much.

The House is made up of 435 elected members from each state. The Senate is made up of 100 individuals. 2 come from each of the 50 states. The Senate has the sole power to confirm presidential appointments and the house has the power to pass bills, which the senate then passes into law. Each working together to make changes into law which will hopefully benefit the American people.

Now the last piece of the puzzle when discussing American politics and how the system works includes the judicial branch of government. The judicial branch is comprised of the Supreme Court and other Federal courts all throughout the United States. Supreme Court Justices are nominated and selected by the President. Once selected and approved by the Senate in a majority vote that now judge will serve for the rest of his or her life on Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land.

These are the three branches of United States government. Each having a duty and obligation to the American people to create legislation pass laws and keep the country running at a successful rate. Now let me ask you all a question. Is the United States Democratic system better or worse than those around the world? I want to compare the American Democracy to the Westminster system used by various other countries including the United Kingdom and Australia.

The Westminster system has several differences from that of the American political system. Executive government or power comes directly from parliament. Meaning there are more narrow divides from the executive power and government and the legislative part within the Westminster system. This means that the power is shared and utilized to govern. Executive orders and powers of the cabinet and President in American politics outweigh that of the Prime Minster, when he or she selects members of cabinet.

There is no president within Australian politics. There is no executive branch or orders given only by the Prime Minister. There is no public vote for this man or woman only a selection made by a political party. After that selection is made they lead that political party.

This difference is small, but it accounts for massive irregularities in the American system because of the power differences. The President may be held to a standard because of the checks and balances put in place by government however his power far outweighs that of the prime Minister. Since this is the case, there is no clear-cut answer too my previous question. Both systems work off legislation, both have a house of representatives and a senate, and lastly both have an individual that speaks to the nation with changes to law and policy. These similarities are easy to understand, but when you look at the executive branch and President within the United States both systems differ in way power is exercised.
I hope this helps those who compare both political system.